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Rule Change 2020(28) Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure

Rule 103. Garnishment

October 19, 2020


Rule 103. Garnishment
This rule sets forth the exclusive process for garnishment. There shall be five (5) types of writs: (1) Writ of Continuing Garnishment, (2) Writ of Garnishment with Notice of Exemption and Pending Levy, (3) Writ of Garnishment for Support, (4) Writ of Garnishment—Judgment Debtor Other Than Natural Person, and (5) Writ of Garnishment in Aid of Writ of Attachment.
SECTION 1 WRIT OF CONTINUING GARNISHMENT (ON EARNINGS OF A NATURAL PERSON)
(a)–(g) [NO CHANGE]
(h) Delivery of Copy to Judgment Debtor.
(1) The garnishee shall deliver a copy of the writ of continuing garnishment, together with the calculation of the amount of exempt earnings that is based on the judgment debtor’s last paycheck prior to delivery of the writ of continuing garnishment to the judgment debtor and the blank copy of C.R.C.P. Form 28, “Objection to the Calculation of the Amount of Exempt Earnings or For Reduction of Withholding Pursuant to Section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D)” (Appendix to Chapters 1 to 17A, Form 28, C.R.C.P.), to the judgment debtor not later than 7 days after the garnishee is served with the writ of continuing garnishment.
(2) [NO CHANGE]
(i) Objection to Calculation of Amount of Exempt Earnings. A judgment debtor may object to the calculation of exempt earnings or object and request an exemption of earnings pursuant to section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D), C.R.S. A judgment debtor’s objection to calculation of exempt earnings or objection and request for an exemption of earnings pursuant to section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D), C.R.S., shall be in accordance with Section 6 of this rule.
(j) [NO CHANGE]
(k) Answer and Tender of Payment by Garnishee.
(1) The garnishee shall file the answer to the writ of garnishment with the clerk of the court and send a copy to the judgment creditor not later than 7 days after the garnishee is served with the writ of continuing garnishment pursuant to section 13-54.5-105(5), C.R.S. However, if the judgment creditor is represented by an attorney, or is a collection agency licensed pursuant to section 12-14-101, et seq., C.R.S., the garnishee shall send such response to the attorney or licensed collection agency.
(2) In the event the answer required by Section 1(k)(1) of this rule is filed and served pursuant to section 13-54.5-105(5)(b), C.R.S., the garnishee shall begin garnishment of the disposable earnings of the judgment debtor on the first payday of the judgment debtor that occurs at least 21 days after the garnishee was served with the writ of continuing garnishment or the first payday after the expiration date of any prior effective writ of continuing garnishment that is at least 21 days after the garnishee was served with the writ of continuing garnishment.
(3) Unless payment is made to an attorney or licensed collection agency as provided in paragraph (k)(1), the garnishee shall pay any nonexempt earnings and deliver a calculation of the amount of exempt earnings to the clerk of the court which issued such writ no less than 7 nor more than 14 days following the time the judgment debtor receives earnings affected by such writ. However, if the answer and subsequent calculations are mailed to an attorney or licensed collection agency under subsection (k)(1), the payment shall accompany the answer.
(4) Any writ of continuing garnishment served upon the garnishee while any previous writ is still in effect shall be answered by the garnishee with a statement that the garnishee has been previously served with one or more writs of continuing garnishment and/or writs of garnishment for support and specify the date on which such previously served writs are expected to terminate.
(l) Disbursement of Garnished Earnings.
(1) If no objection to the calculation of exempt earnings or objection and request for exemption of earnings pursuant to section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D), C.R.S., is filed by the judgment debtor within 21 days after the garnishee was served with the writ of continuing garnishment, the garnishee shall send the nonexempt earnings to the attorney, collection agency licensed pursuant to section 12-14-101, et seq., C.R.S., or court designated on the writ of continuing garnishment (C.R.C.P. Form 26, page 1, paragraph e). The judgment creditor shall refund to the judgment debtor any disbursement in excess of the amount necessary to satisfy the judgment.
(2) [NO CHANGE]
(m) Request for accounting of garnished funds by judgment debtor. Upon reasonable written request by a judgment debtor, the judgment creditor shall provide an accounting in writing of all funds received to the date of the request, including the balance due at the date of the request.
SECTION 2—SECTION 5 [NO CHANGE]
SECTION 6 JUDGMENT DEBTOR’S OBJECTION—WRITTEN CLAIM OF EXEMPTION—HEARING
(a) Judgment Debtor’s Objection to Calculation of Exempt Earnings or Objection and Request for Exemption of Earnings Pursuant to Section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D), C.R.S., Under Writ of Continuing Garnishment.
(1) [NO CHANGE]
(2) If the judgment debtor’s objection to the calculation of exempt earnings is not resolved with the garnishee within 7 days upon good faith effort, the judgment debtor may file a written objection setting forth, with reasonable detail, the grounds for such objection. Such objection must be filed within 14 days from receipt of the copy of writ of garnishment or calculation of the amount of exempt earnings for subsequent pay periods.
(3) If the judgment debtor objects and requests an exemption of earnings pursuant to section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D), C.R.S., the judgment debtor shall have no obligation to attempt to resolve the issue with the garnishee.
(4) If the judgment debtor objects and requests an exemption of earnings pursuant to section 13-54-104(2)(a)(I)(D), C.R.S., the judgment debtor shall file such objection and request in writing, setting out the grounds for such exemption and request. The judgment debtor may object to the calculation on hardship grounds at any time during the pendency of the garnishment.
(5) The written objection made under Section 6(a)(2) or Section 6(a)(4) of this rule shall be filed with the clerk of the court by the judgment debtor in the form and content of Appendix to Chapters 1 to 17A, Form 28, C.R.C.P.
(6) The judgment debtor shall, by certified mail, return receipt requested, immediately deliver a copy of such objection to the garnishee and the judgment creditor’s attorney of record, or if none, to the judgment creditor. If the garnishee has been directed to transmit the nonexempt earnings to an attorney or a collection agency licensed pursuant to section 12-14-101, et seq., C.R.S., then upon receipt of the objection, the garnishee shall transmit the nonexempt earnings to the clerk of the court.
(7) Upon the filing of a written objection, all proceedings with relation to the earnings of the judgment debtor in possession and control of the garnishee, the judgment creditor, the attorney for the judgment creditor, or in the registry of the court shall be stayed until the written objection is determined by the court.
(b)–(c) [NO CHANGE]
(d) Objection or Claim of Exemption Within 182 days.
(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 6 (a)(2), Section 6(a)(4) and Section 6 (b)(1) of this rule, a judgment debtor failing to make and file a written objection or claim of exemption within the time therein provided, may, at any time within 182 days from receipt of the copy of the writ with notice or a copy of the writ of continuing garnishment or the calculation of the amount of exempt earnings, move the court in which the judgment was entered to hear an objection or claim of exemption as to any earnings of property levied in garnishment which the judgment debtor claims to have been miscalculated or which the judgment debtor claims to be exempt.
(2)–(3) [NO CHANGE]
(e) [NO CHANGE]
SECTION 7—SECTION 13 [NO CHANGE]

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