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Rule Change 2021(21)

Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure

October 13, 2021

Chapter 25 The Colorado Rules of County Court Civil Procedure

Rules: 304, 312.5, and 316.5

Forms: Form 1A, JDF 185, and JDF 186

Rule 304. Service of Process.


(b) Initial Process. Initial process shall be as follows:

(1) Initial Process in cases other than forcible entry and detainer cases. Except in cases of service by publication under Rule 304(f), the complaint and a blank copy of the answer form shall be served with the summons.

(2) Initial Process in forcible entry and detainer cases. Plaintiff shall serve the following on the defendant at least seven days before the return date: (1) summons containing all language and information required by statute; (2) complaint; (3) blank copy of the answer form; (4) Form JDF 186 SC: Information for Eviction Cases; (5) Form JDF 185 SC: Request for Documents in Eviction Cases; and (6) blank copies of Forms JDF 205 and 206 (fee waiver forms).

(c)–(j) [NO CHANGE]

Rule 312.5. Defenses and Objections in Forcible Entry and Detainer Cases—When and How. Defenses and Objections in Forcible Entry and Detainer Cases—by Pleading or Motion.

(a) Responsive Pleadings; When Presented. The defendant shall file an answer including any counterclaim or cross-claim on or before, and shall appear in court at, the date and time as fixed in the summons, or such other date as fixed by the court.

(b) Motions. A defendant may file a motion setting forth defenses simultaneously with the defendant’s answer. All other motions, except for motions arising at trial, must be filed at least three days before the earlier of the date of any pretrial conference or the trial date.

(c) Waiver of Defenses. A party waives all defenses and objections which are not raised either by motion or in his answer except that the defense of lack of jurisdiction of the subject matter may be made at any time.

(d) Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings. At any time after the last pleading is filed, but within such time as not to delay the trial, any party may move for judgment on the pleadings. A party shall not submit matters outside the pleadings in support of the motion.

Rule 316.5. Pretrial Procedure—Forcible Entry and Detainer Cases—Requests for Documents and Conference.

(a) Requests for Documents.

(1) Either party may request all documents in the other party’s possession relevant to the current action. To make this request, a party must complete, file, and send Form JDF 185 SC (Request for Documents in Eviction Cases) to the opposing party.

(2) Any party failing to comply with a court order requiring such party to provide documentation relevant to the current action shall be subject to imposition of appropriate sanctions.

(b) Trial Scheduling and Pretrial Conferences. Except as provided by statute, if the defendant files an answer, the court shall schedule a trial no sooner than seven days, but not more than ten days, after the answer is filed, unless (1) the defendant requests a waiver of this requirement in the defendant’s answer or after filing the answer, (2) the court sets the trial date beyond ten days if either party demonstrates good cause for an extension or if the court otherwise finds justification for the extension. Prior to trial, the court may in its discretion and upon reasonable notice order a pretrial conference. Conferences by telephone or videoconference are encouraged. Following a pretrial conference, the court may issue an order which may include limitations on the issues to be raised and the witnesses and exhibits to be allowed at trial, entry of judgment, or dismissal, if appropriate. Failure to appear at a pretrial conference may result in appropriate sanctions, including an award of attorney’s fees and expenses incurred by the appearing party. Courts may encourage the parties to engage in mediation.

(c) Pretrial Discovery. Any party may request that discovery be permitted to assist in the preparation for trial. The request shall be made only during the pretrial conference. The discovery may include depositions, requests for admission, interrogatories, physical or mental examinations, or requests for production or inspection. If the court enters a discovery order, it shall set forth the extent and terms of the discovery as well as the time for compliance. If the court fails to specify any term, then the provisions of C.R.C.P. 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 shall be followed as to the missing term.

(d) Resolution of Disputes. All issues regarding discovery shall be resolved on or before the day of trial and shall not cause any undue delay in the proceedings. No party shall be entitled to seek protective orders following the conference. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, a dispute over compliance with the discovery order shall be resolved at the time of trial, and the court may impose appropriate sanctions, including attorney’s fees and costs, against the non-complying party.

(e) Juror Notebooks. The court may order the use of juror notebooks. If notebooks are to be used, counsel for each party shall confer about items to be included in juror notebooks and at the pretrial conference or other date set by the court make a joint submission to the court of items to be included in the juror notebook.

Amended and Adopted by the Court, En Banc, October 13, 2021, effective immediately.

 By the Court:

Richard L. Gabriel

Justice, Colorado Supreme Court

Official Colorado Supreme Court Rules Committees proceedings can be found at the Colorado Supreme Court Rules Committees website.

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